Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs when there is inadequate support or when there is excessive pressure on the pelvic organs such as the bladder, uterus or rectum by the pelvic floor muscles and associated ligaments. 

Either or both of these factors can cause sagging and a downward bulge of any or all of the pelvic organs into the vagina. Childbirth is often the cause of a prolapse, affecting 50% of parous (child bearing) women. It is also common to suffer incontinence associated with a POP.

Symptoms of a POP may include: 


  • Heaviness or pain in the vagina & perineum
  • Sensations of something “coming down” or a lump bulging out of the vagina
  • Pain or decreased sensation with intercourse
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Difficulty emptying your bowel & bladder
  • A slow urine stream during voiding

Risk factors include:


  • Pregnancy & vaginal delivery especially requiring forceps assistance
  • Increased risk with multiple pregnancies
  • Poor posture leading to increased intra-abdominal pressure & altered breathing patterns
  • Other musculoskeletal issues causing increased abdominal pressure & weakness of the PFM
  • Constipation
  • Surgical intervention causing a disruption to the ligamentous & muscular support in the pelvic girdle

Medical research confirms that pelvic floor muscle training is the most effective treatment option in addressing both urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. This is supported by the high recurrence rate of POP after surgical repair indicating the original cause of the loss of pelvic organ support was not addressed – including exercise programs with excessive abdominal pressure.

The combination of pelvic floor muscle exercises and treatment of other musculoskeletal dysfunction is the key to successful management of POP & incontinence.


At your post-partum 6 week check up with your obstetrician, you can request to check for any signs of POP as many are not symptomatic. Early detection will prevent the POP from further progressing and becoming symptomatic. In addition, the loss of pelvic support poses challenges for other regions of the musculoskeletal system and can be related to other issues such as lower back pain.

At PhysioMotion our women’s health physiotherapists will effectively treat your POP & incontinence.


Our services include:


  • An intra-vaginal examination and ultrasonography assessment to assess if you have a POP & PFM function
  • A PFM rehabilitation program: PFM exercises, biofeedback intravaginal electrical stimulation,  & bladder training
  • Abdominal retraining exercises including functional training progressing to full strength based exercises
  • Investigation into any other factors that are contributing to increased intra-abdominal pressures and excessive load on the pelvic floor. Treatment in this regard may require the expertise of other team members at PhysioMotion.

For more information regarding our services for urinary and faecal incontinence, refer to women’s health or men’s health in our Services section.